wordki.pl - nauka słówek
UNIT 9 - Grammar rules
cancurrent ability
couldpast ability
can coulddecisions made now about future ability
will be able tofuture ability
couldcurrent or general hypothetical ability
couldfuture hypothetical ability
could havepast hypothetical ability
cannotthe exception-word of the full negative forms of modals written as two words (a single word)
can couldthe words which cannot be used as infinitves
to be able toto phrase we use as infinitive instead CAN and COULD
was/were able to, managed to, succeeded, etc.the words be used for past ability on one accasion
see, hear, feel, etc.the verbs, with which we can use COULD for past ability on one accasion
may, could, canasking for permission
may, may not, could, cangiving or refusing permission
was/were allowed toverb which we use to talk about past permission
Hadn't you better check that these facts are actually true ?Czy nie powinieneś był sprawdzić czy te fakty są właściwie prawdziwe ?
might, mayby these verbs we can give sugesstions, that are not perfect, but there is no better option
should have, ought to have, oughtn't to havecriticising past behaviour
could have, might haveexpressing annoyance at past behaviour
willcriticising general behaviour
wouldcriticising a specific example of someone's general behaviour
must, mustn't, have (got) to, need (to)current or general obligation
don't have to, haven't got to, needn't, don't need (to)a lack of current or general obligation
will have to, must, mustn't, have (got) to, (will) need (to)future obligation
don't have to, won't have to, haven't got to, needn't, don't need to, won't need toa lack of future obligation
had to, needed (to)past obligation
didn't have to, didn't need (to), needn't havea lack of past obligation
mustthe verb we use for personal obligation
have tothe verb we use for external obligation - when someone else making a decision about what we must do
do have tousing MUST for questions is extremely formal. The verb we use usually in that case is...
didn't have to, didn't need tothe verbs we use for things that we did or didn't actually do
needn't have donethe only one verb we use for things that we actually did but weren't obliged to do